Corruption can be hard to recognize, but always hinders national development. In this course we explain what is meant by corruption, where it can be found, its impact, what methods are available for hindering its progress, and the role for parliaments in reducing corruption.
In practice, most of us recognize corruption as a nebulous feature to our every day lives, especially in developing country environments. Corruption is a character trait that we most like to associate with people of compromised morals, but even very upstanding citizens can sometimes be a party to subtly corrupt behavior. In government and politics we consider corruption as the abuse of public power for private gain. It comes under many different guises such as bribery, the misappropriation of public goods, favoring family members for jobs and contracts, or creating laws and regulations that aim to impact private gain over the public good.
When countries tackle corruption they increase their national incomes by as much as four times in the long term. If corruption is reduced, business can grow by as much as 3% faster and child mortality can fall as much as 75%. Finally, it will consider the role for parliament as a role model, legislator and representative in reducing corruption in a nation and improving standards for fighting against it.