Date: Thursday, Dec 3, 2015
Time: 12:30 - 2:00pm
Location: J6-050 (World Bank J Building), 701 18th Street, Washington DC
Ex-Assistant Parliamentary Budget Officer, Canada, and Visiting Senior Fellow
University of Ottawa
Practice Manager, Public Resources Mobilization and Management, Africa
Governance Global Practice, World Bank
J Romulo Emmanuel Jr. Miral
Director-General, Congressional Policy and Budget Research Department
Mohammed Hardi Nyagsi
Director of Budget
Parliament of Ghana
Economic Consultant, Parliamentary Budget Office, Chamber of Deputies Budget Office
To effectively analyze and evaluate increasingly complex reforms and policies, it is important for parliaments to have the institutional, technical, and analytical capacity to take on the magnitude of their budgetary responsibilities. The creation of Parliamentary Budget Offices (PBOs) within parliaments is an institutional innovation that enables the legislature to engage in budget formulation and oversight in a more objective, transparent and effective manner.
This session will highlight the emerging evidence on how a well-functioning PBO. The Parliamentary Budget Officer (PBO) provides independent analysis to Canadian Parliament on the state of the nation's finances, the government's estimates and trends in the Canadian economy; and upon request from a committee or parliamentarian, estimates the financial cost of any proposal for matters over which Parliament has jurisdiction. can help to enhance the veracity of budget figures generated by the Executive, thus encouraging more robust data through stronger parliamentary participation in the budget process in Bank client countries. In addition, panelists will discuss the impact of their participation in the Global Network of Parliamentary Budget Officers (GN-PBO), and the Network’s new online collaboration platform, www.e-PBO.org, will be launched.
The Parliamentary Strengthening Cluster (PSC) seeks to enhance the capacity of parliaments to effectively perform their functions in order to better contribute to open and collaborative development. As a core business of the Governance Global Practice, empowering parliaments enhances participation, transparency and demand for accountability in the budget process, constructively contributing to stronger public financial management systems. The PSC employs an innovative integrated model for delivering parliamentary strengthening services which scales and accelerates impact by linking parliaments to global practitioner networks, feeding global good practice into World BankThe World Bank is a United Nations international financial institution that provides loans to developing countries for capital programs. The World Bank is a component of the World Bank Group, and a member of the United Nations Development Group. The World Bank's official goal is the reduction of poverty. According to its Articles of Agreement, all its decisions must be guided by a commitment to the promotion of foreign investment and international trade and to the facilitation of capital investment. projects. The mutually-reinforcing nature of the integrated model ensures lessons learned through project implementation are in turn looped-back to the practitioner networks, enriching global good practice.
Recognizing the importance of PBOs for parliaments to effectively perform their functions, the World Bank and University of Ottawa established the Global Network of Parliamentary Budget Offices (GN-PBO) in 2013 as a platform for knowledge and experience sharing on good practices, concepts, challenges and opportunities related to the design, establishment, and operation of PBOs around the world.
The network brings together three core groups: 1) PBO staff, 2) technical staff from parliamentary secretariats that provide parliamentarians with budget analysis, and 3) external research units that support parliamentary engagement in the budget process through provision of budget analysis.
Currently, GN-PBO members consist of established PBOs (Kenya and Uganda), newly established PBOs (Dominican Republic, Georgia, Liberia, Nigeria, Seychelles and South Africa), jurisdictions in which PBOs are being considered (Ghana, Tanzania, Thailand, Zambia and Zimbabwe) and Secretariats or Parliamentary Training Institutes that perform the functions of a PBO (Cambodia, Philippines and Vietnam).